KECK INSTITUTE FOR SPACE STUDIES

       

Workshop: Three Dimensional (3D) Additive Construction for Space using In-Situ Resources

August 24-28, 2015
California Institute of Technology - Pasadena, CA 91125

Dennis Kochmann

California Institute of Technology

A. Scott Howe

Jet Propulsion
Laboratory

Rob Mueller

NASA
Kennedy Space Center

Workshop Overview:

This study will consider how three-dimensional (3D) additive construction using in-situ resources can vastly decrease the launch mass required to establish exploration infrastructure on other planetary surfaces. By combining digital manufacturing technologies and advanced robotics with a new understanding of in-situ space resources, materials and processes for extraction and utilization, we intend to explore how to gradually ease into in-situ production of structures and products that can offset the tremendous cost of bringing everything from Earth. First, we propose to understand how to produce low-tolerance structures and products produced locally in the target environment, seeded by precision subsystems and instruments exported from Earth. What sorts of technologies can be implemented immediately to get the process going? Next we would like to establish a vision for how to gradually reduce the terrestrial supply chain in a way that can be affordable and sustainable so they will not need to be transported from Earth, and space agencies will be more willing to fund the incremental steps. By using these new in-situ 3D additive technologies to create space mission architectures, and strategies, the dream of expanding human civilization into the solar system and creating a new space based economy will become possible.

Monday, August 24, 2015

Lees-Kubota Lecture Hall - Guggenheim Building, Caltech

Short Course: Establishing Planetary Infrastructure with 3D Additive Construction and In-Situ Resources

Introductory Lectures - Open to all interested students, researchers and faculty
Time
Event
Speaker

8:00 - 8:30

Coffee and Refreshments

8:30 - 8:45

Logistics / Introduction

Michele Judd

Team Leads

8:45 - 9:30

Space Environments and Planetary Civil Engineering

Rob Mueller

9:30 - 10:15

Material Properties of Regolith and Other Materials Available on the Moon, Mars and Asteroids for 3D Additive Construction

Phil Metzger

10:15 - 10:45

Break

10:45 - 11:30

Space Architecture

Scott Howe

11:30 - 12:15

Introduction to Robotics for 3D Additive Construction

Brian Wilcox

12:15 - 12:30

Final thoughts - Q&A

Team Leads

12:30 - 1:30

Informal Lunch and End of Short Course

 

Invitation Only Workshop Begins Keck Center  - Think Tank, Room 155

1:30 - 2:00

Walk to Keck Center for Coffee and Registration

2:00 - 2:45

Workshop Logistics and Introduction to KISS

Michele Judd

Tom Prince

2:45 - 3:00

30 second Participant Introductions

Michele Judd

3:00 - 4:00

Desired goals and outcomes for the workshop; defining 3D additive construction vs. additive manufacturing. Explain parallel session of student design challenge.


Team Leads

4:00 - 4:30

Break

4:30 - 6:00

Begin plenary discussion on workshop format; collect ideas and topics participants want to know more about; identify lightning talks needed to "close the gap of knowledge" between the various disciplines; define what 3D Additive Construction state of art is today and document it in powerpoint


Team Leads

6:00 - 6:15

Pack up and walk to Athenaeum

All

6:15

Group dinner at the Athenaeum


Tuesday, August 25, 2015

JPL / Keck Center

Time
Event
Speaker

07:45

Check ids - load bus and any carpools

8:00 - 8:30

Drive to JPL and check-in at Visitor Control and walk up to Athlete Lab - Building 344

8:30 - Noon

ATHLETE lab, ATHLETE demo, KSC hardware demos, other demos-deliverables: identify state of the art hardware, ways to position printhead, excavation methods, material handling

Show ATHLETE 3D printing demo and sintered basalt material samples, discuss materials and desired properties

Lightning talks as applicable in this location Brainstorming Design Session: zero-g design


Michele Judd Team Leads

12:15

Group Picture and return badges to visitor center

Smile!

12:30 - 2:30

Drive back to lunch at the Athenaeum

2:30 - 3:30

3 lightning talks: 15 min + 5 minute discussion each

TBD at workshop

3:30 - 4:00

Break

4:00 - 5:00

Brainstorming Design Session: finish zero-g design from the morning

TBD at workshop

5:00 - 6:30

Participant Poster Session and Pizza


Wednesday, August 26, 2015

Keck Center - Think Tank, Room 155

Time
Event
Speaker

8:00 - 8:30

Coffee and Refreshments

8:30 - 8:45

Logistics; Summary re-cap of day two and goals for day three

Michele Judd Team Leads

8:45 - 10:00

Define a 100 year, 50 Year 25 Year and 10 year vision

All

10:00 - 10:30

Break

10:30 - 11:30

Write a Wikipedia article / technical paper on 3D Additive Construction - What is it?

All

11:30 - 12:30

Plenary Discussion and select breakout topics

All

12:30 - 2:00

Free time / lunch on your own

2:00 - 3:30

Splinter Sessions: 50-year roadmap & gaps, policy, etc.

All

3:30 - 4:00

Break

3:30 - 5:30

Splinter Sessions continued

All

6:00

Group Dinner at the Athenaeum


Thursday, August 27, 2015

Keck Center - Think Tank, Room 155

Time
Event
Speaker

8:00 - 8:30

Coffee and Refreshments

8:30 - 8:45

Logistics: Summary re-cap of day three and goals for day four

Michele Judd

Team Leads

8:45 - 10:00

Report outs from splinter groups

Splinter Leads

10:00 -10:30

Break

10:30 - 12:30

Plenary Discussion; Identify a space mission concept that would retire risks and gaps.

All

12:30 - 2:00

Lunch at the Athenaeum

2:00 - 4:00

Splinter Sessions - work on space mission concept

All

4:00 - 4:30

Break

4:30 - 5:15

Splinter Sessions continued

All

5:15 - 5:45

10 minute lightning report outs

Splinter Leads

6:00 - 7:45

Informal dinner at the Keck Center - guests, spouses, significant others welcome

8:00 - 9:15

Lecture in Beckman Auditorium

Don Pettit


Friday, August 28, 2015

Keck Center - Think Tank, Room 155

Time
Event
Speaker

8:00 - 8:30

Coffee and Refreshments

8:30 - 8:45

Logistics and Objectives for final day

Michele Judd

Team Leads

8:45 - 10:00

Present Mission Concept

Finalize Wikipedia Article for publishing, writing assignments for technical paper


All

10:00 - 10:30

Break

10:30 - Noon

Organize Report Writing assignments and briefing notes for Keck/NASA leadership

All

12:00 -12:30

KISS recap

Michele Judd

12:30 - 1:30

Lunch - Informal lunch at the Institute

1:30 - 4:00

Student outbrief of 3D Printing Habitat Concepts


All

4:00

End of Formal Workshop

All

Workshop Participants:

  • Hisham Ali - Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Christian Andersen - PISCES
  • John Brophy - JPL/Caltech
  • Wesley Chambers - University of Central Florida
  • Corky Clinton - NASA/MSFC
  • Xavier De Kestelier - Foster+Partners
  • Kaye Ebelt - National Science Foundation
  • Shai Gerner - University of Pennsylvania
  • Douglas Hofmann – JPL/Caltech
  • A. Scott Howe -JPL/Caltech
  • Erika Ilves - Shackleton Energy Company
  • Alex Jerves - Caltech
  • Jim Keravala - Shackleton Energy Company
  • Behrokh Khoshnevis - University of Southern California
  • Dennis Kochmann – Caltech
  • Sungwoo Lim - The Open University
  • Philip Metzger - University of Central Florida
  • Lucas Meza - Caltech
  • Rob Mueller - NASA/KSC
  • Takashi Nakamura - Physical Sciences Inc.
  • Andrew Nelson - US Army ERDC
  • Donald Pettit – NASA/JSC
  • Rod Pyle – Caltech Campus
  • Ronald Rael - University of California Berkeley
  • Eric Reiners - Caterpillar Inc.
  • Andrew Shapiro - JPL/Caltech
  • Niki Werkheiser - NASA
  • Brian Wilcox - JPL/Caltech
  • Alex Zelhofer - Caltech

Lodging for out-of-town attendees

There are a number of hotels (6 page pdf, 56KB) that are close to the Caltech campus where we have a negotiated rate. (Please note that this negotiated rate does not guarantee you the lowest rate as there may be internet specials or AAA rates that may be better.)

Please note that with enough notice, you can reserve rooms for attendees at the Athenaeum, which has been recognized as a Platinum Club of America. Newly refurbished, it is conveniently located on the Caltech Campus. Contact Janet Seid if you would like to check the availability of this option.


Visa Requirements

For Visa requirement information and travel to the United States please visit the website of the U.S. Department of State.


Parking (for Visitors and for JPL Personnel)

For Visitors: From the Arroyo Parkway, turn right (east) on Del Mar Avenue. Proceed approximately one and a quarter miles. The Caltech campus will be on your right. Turn right (south) onto Michigan Avenue. Turn right into the outdoor parking lot and park in an unmarked spot. Buy a parking permit from the kiosks near the middle of the lot or request one ahead of time from KISS.

For JPL Personnel: JPLers may use their JPL hang tag for parking or request a special parking hangtag from the JPL parking office. Employees who do not have on-Lab parking privileges can obtain a hang tag created for this purpose from JPL parking coordinator Robert Kennedy (818-354-4586, Building 310-108B, 9/80 schedule). Please park in the outdoor parking lot located on Michigan Avenue in an unmarked spot.


Maps and General Information on Pasadena

Directions and Maps

Short Course Presentations

Rob Mueller
NASA/Kennedy Space Center

Space Environments and Planetary Civil Engineering
(3.57 MB .pdf)
(video)

Phil Metzger
University of Central Florida

Material Properties of Regolith and Other Materials Available on the Moon, Mars and Asteroids for 3D Additive Construction
(8.35 MB .pdf)
(video)

A. Scott Howe
JPL/Caltech

Space Architecture
(9.57 MB .pdf)
(video)

Brian Wilcox
JPL/Caltech

Introduction to Robotics for 3D Additive Construction
(907 KB .pdf)
(video)


Workshop Presentations

Jennifer Edmunson
ESSSA Contract NASA Marshall Space Flight Center

Planetary Resources
(1 MB .pdf)

Jim Keravala
Shackleton Energy Company

Keck 3D Construction Workshop SEC OWC Overview
(3.9 MB .pdf)

Xavier De Kestelier
Foster+Partners

The World's First 3-D Printed
(9.7 MB .pdf)

Phil Metzger
University of Central Florida

Industrial Production Processes for Materials on the Moon, Asteroids and Mars
(93 KB .pdf)

Takashi Nakamura
Physical Sciences Inc.

Solar Thermal Power System for ISRU Applications Field Deployment and Operation at Mauna Kea, HI
(4.57 MB .pdf)

Brian Wilcox
JPL/Caltech

Projections for Space Robotics 2015-2035
(587 KB .pdf)


Poster Session

Luis Gil

Economically Variable Space Station
(.jpg)

Allison Klute

Satellite Capturing, Remediation and Processor
(.jpg)

Ally Kit

Space Track
(.jpg)

Jeremy Brunel

Space Port 2045
(.jpg)

Cereus EVSS
(.jpg)

Langs

Invert Planet
(.jpg)

Metha-Fly
(.jpg)

M. Trujillo,
A. Escobar

EVSS
(.jpg)

A. Scott Howe
JPL/Caltech

Future Directions
(7.24 MB .pdf)

Xavier De Kestelier
Foster+Partners

3D-Printing a Lunar Base
(video)

Takashi Nakamura
Physical Sciences Inc.

3-D Additive Construction for Space - Solar Powered Materials Processing
(9.97 MB .pdf)